This 1.5-hour lecture reviews major challenges to interplanetary human spaceflight and suggests strategies by
which they may be addressed. These strategies include pre-emplaced Earth return consumables at the
interplanetary destination, water used as a high-efficiency/high-thrust propellant also serving as crew radiation
shielding, and transport servicing in a distant retrograde orbit about the Moon. Applied to a hypothetical
transport christened Aquarius, the strategies are shown to enable routine and sustainable roundtrips between
Earth and Deimos, the outer moon of Mars. Knowledge gaps pertaining to Aquarius are identified with the
intent of motivating changes in current technology roadmaps. After listening to this lecture, anyone with
interplanetary human spaceflight interests will be conversant with associated technology issues and plausible
means by which they might be resolved.
Mr. Adamo is an astrodynamics consultant focused on space mission trajectory
design, operations, and architecture. He works with clients primarily at NASA and
Until retirement in 2008, Mr. Adamo was employed by United Space Alliance as a
trajectory expert, serving as a “front room” flight controller for 60 Space Shuttle
missions. Along with console duties during simulations and missions, this job
entailed development of trajectory designs, software tools, flight rules, console procedures, and operations
concepts. Mr. Adamo began his career at the Perkin-Elmer Corporation where he developed and operated
proof-of-concept software for computer-controlled polishing of optical elements. He has degrees in Physical
Sciences and Optical Engineering from the University of Houston and the University of Rochester, respectively.
Mr. Adamo is a Senior Member of AIAA and the author of many publications. He has received numerous
awards, including 14 NASA Group Achievement Awards.