The manic depressive illness which is also known as Bipolar Disorders are mental disorders that Specify by unusual elevated event of moods, active level and energy. It is also characterize by ability to carry out the personal works and daily task. Bipolar Disorders symptoms are often acute. The acute symptoms are termed as mania or hypomania, based on their different from the normal downs and up that everyone goes through from time to time in their life time. The symptoms could cause a poor concentration, poor jobs and poor academic results, break up and divorce, and suicide is most common symptoms seen. Bipolar disorders patients could live full and healthy life; they could be treated well with help or proper medications and proper counselling with mental exercise. There are four features commonly seen on bipolar patients, those are also known as rapid cycling or as episodes of mania.
The Bipolar disorder has been categorised into two different types i.e. bipolar disorders I which is characterize by single manic episode, other is bipolar disorder II which is again characterized by both hypomanic episode major depressive episodes.
Bipolar Disorders are very mysterious type of mental disorders. Till today the main of bipolar disorders have not been fully understood by researchers, scientist and clinician. It has been reported in some journals that, bipolar disease are seems to be a genetic hereditary. The similar proband and disorders symptoms have been seen in the siblings of bipolar disorders patients. Most of the time bipolar disorders are misunderstood and misdiagnosed due to its confusing and subtitling nature. Bipolar Disorders patients often suffer with lots of medications side effects and sever mistreatment.
Innovative advancement in treatment modules and research are being carried out by psychotherapist, psychiatrist, neurologist and researchers. Gratefully, numbers of associations and research organisations are supporting and funding the researchers for their noble and innovative researches on bipolar disorders. One organization which is also known as the National Institute of Mental Health or NIMH is the world's leading neurology and psychiatrist research organization. They do focus, conducts and supports research on the treatment, cause, and proper diagnosis of metal disorders. There are different types of new and advance technique like Behavioural approach system, Behavioural, inhibition system, System sensitivity, Impulsivity traits, Cognitive style, Screening procedures, Demographic and risk factors and New advances in drugs as well as medications which is being use for the treatment of bipolar disorders and other related mental disorders.
There are numbers of diseases and mental disorders which could be prevented with ease. Unlike any other preventable disorders, bipolar disorders are not preventable and it is somewhat related to hereditary. Proper diagnosis and knowing the earliest sign could help lot more in treating bipolar disorders. Proper counselling and diagnosis and intervening between episodes can help to prevent bipolar disorders from worsening further. Many disorders like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), substance abuse and schizophrenia has reported to be disorders like bipolar disorder and with other mental disorders. Guidance for multifactorial risk model and education about bipolar disorders would help the people to do proper dealing with bipolar disorders patients.
Diagnosis and neuroimaging of bipolar disorders became the most important factor in treating bipolar disorders patients. These systematic methods are used to identify the conditions of patients, manic episodes and acuteness of the bipolar disorders as well as the other sign and symptoms.
Diagnosis and neuroimaging often describes and denotes to the techniques that produce the internal images without surgery and without incision of the skin. It helps in getting internal image from any part of the body and organs without being direct contact with it. In other ways we can say that these technologies enable us to have a non-invasive visualization of the brain’s structure and functions. These techniques which are also known as neuroimaging became most useful device for both researchers and clinicians. Diagnosing and differentiating Schizophrenias and Bipolar Disorders are always remain difficult because of many similarities. Sometimes, the intermediate diagnose disease are also called as Schizoaffective Disorder.
The epidemiological surveys and studies of the other mental disorders for the comorbidity with bipolar disorders pointed out that the bipolar disorder are often diagnosed coexist with other mental disorders like substance abuse, eating, addictions and personality disorders and anxiety disorder. Numbers of journals has been reported about the evidence of genetic overlapping and influences on schizophrenia with Bipolar Disorders. It has been reported that, twins shows a genetic correlation between the disorders with high ratios. Adopted do not shows disorder correlations like twins. Thus, studies concluded; twins shared with same short of mental disorders and other manic episodes like schizophrenic because of its shared and influenced genes.
Track 7: Assessing and Treating for Bipolar Disorders
Assessing of bipolar disorders patients are the important part of treatment with the medication treatment. It is considered as best treatment method for bipolar disorders as because; it is the combination of both assessing and medications. It is unfortunate that many of doctors are void of available and specific treatment for mental disorders. Thus, they commonly treat the metal disorders with one type of medications which causes numbers of side effects. Fortunately researchers have found other ways for the proper treatment of bipolar disorders i.e. Adjunctive therapy and electroconvulsive therapy, Lithium therapy and antidepressant Chrono therapy and social rhythm therapy including non-convulsive and sub convulsive therapeutic methods
Drugs for the treatment of bipolar disorders are being manufacture but with the lack of specifications. Commonly, antipsychotic are being used to treat and stabilize psychotic events other psychosis moods. Psychotic moods are commonly the symptoms for many types of mental disorders. Latest drugs called atypical antipsychotic caused least side effects and these are currently being commonly prescribed for bipolar disorders. These drugs stabilize the mood swing effectively with least side as compare to the older antipsychotics but, it still caused side effects.
Track 9: Genetic and cellular markers in Bipolar Disorders
Bipolar Disorders have been divided into two different categories i.e. Bipolar I and Bipolar II base on its mood events and mania phase. However, effective and exact studies are not yet been properly done on Bipolar Disorders. Genetic studies have been done in various methods to find out the easy therapeutic solutions and cause. The various genetic studies have reported that there are chromosomal similarities and linkage to bipolar disorders in twins. But, there is a lack of study base on meta-analysis of microsatellite markers linkage. Due to mix finding reports by various researchers on genetic association studies of individual persons, there is a lack of proper reports about the cause of bipolar disorders.
New advancement in research is being taking over the older methods of research on bipolar disorders. Researchers are trying to provide evidence based best qualitative methods and quantitative procedures to treat bipolar patients, after that there would be no needing of further treating and diagnosing. Around the globe, researchers are trying to figure out and explore the new techniques and methods to understand emotions and stress of bipolar disorders patients.
Scientist has come across a very longs ways to provide accurate diagnosing methods for bipolar disorders. But, there is still lack of accuracy and precision which often yields side effects and misdiagnosed of bipolar disorders.
The case reports are always been a key which helps to became awareness about things that are happening or happened. Many case reports concluded that bipolar disorders are most affected to the North America. India is with least affected by bipolar disorders. Numbers of journals reported the co-existence of bipolar disorders with other mental disorders and many drugs have been reported to cause severe side effects. Numbers of misdiagnosis and mistreating the bipolar disorders patients, suicides, murders and divorce has been reported because of bipolar disorders. Antidepressant like Prozac has been reported to be discontinued as medicine for bipolar disorders because of its severe side effects and worsening the bipolar disorders patients.
Track 12: Mental Disorders
Mental disorder is also known as mental illness. This is a diagnosis of mental patterns or personal behavioural that often causes sufferings and inability to perform proper day to day function in ordinary life. Such features may be relapsing, remitting and persistent.
There are so many causes for mental disorders but, those are rarely clear. At present there are numbers of definitions for mental disorders. Each of them is true to their definitions according to their conditions for the mental disorders. So, even its definition is not much specific and clear. Mental disorders are being defined by a combination of how a person thinks, feels, behaves and perceives.
Track 13: Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a serious disorder which affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Someone with schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is Imaginary and What is real, they may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations.
Contrary to public perception, schizophrenia is not split personality or multiple personality. The vast majority of people with schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a danger to others. Schizophrenia is not caused by childhood experiences, poor parenting or lack of willpower, nor are the symptoms identical for each person.
Like all other mental disorders, the symptoms of Schizophrenia also changes in time to time. It causes difficult for a practitioner to classify the Schizophrenia. Thus, it cause problem for treating a patient efficiently. Subtyping system has favoured to solve this complex.
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