by Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law



Salvation Army Headquarters

701 North Broad Street

Philadelphia, PA 19123

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Enhanced Collaborative to Combat Human Trafficking Task Force Grant Training

The Salvation Army Territorial Headquarters

701 North Broad Street

June 20, 2019

1:30-5:00 pm


Over the past year, commercial sexual exploitation has been front and center in the national media. Politicians have emphasized the intersection of human trafficking and immigration policy. Sex buyers, including prominent businessmen, have been arrested as a result of anti-demand law enforcement strategies. Here in Pennsylvania, we celebrated the passage of Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Children (Act 130 of 2018) . We have applauded the growing efforts of law enforcement and prosecutors to use our comprehensive anti-trafficking statute (Act 105 of 2014) to hold perpetrators accountable. It has been nearly five years since Act 105 was enacted. In that time, there have been over 100 trafficking crimes charged, in 28 of Pennsylvania’s 67 counties, resulting in 44 convictions.[1] Those successful prosecutions indicate that the awareness and understanding of this complex crime is increasing. However, barriers to effective implementation and investigation remain.

Sex trafficking is happening throughout the Commonwealth, including rural Pennsylvania, leaving behind identified and unidentified victims who experience complex trauma, stigma, and other challenges. Sex trafficking victims have endured sexual abuse, violence, and forced criminal activity. These histories, combined with the additional challenges of co-occurring intimate-partner violence, rape, drug addiction, lack of adequate healthcare and/or illegal immigration status, contribute to a victim population that simply cannot be served by a single person or organization.

This presentation will focus on using Pennsylvania and Federal sex trafficking laws to target the demand for commercial sex which drives the prevalence of sex trafficking in the Commonwealth. It will highlight various law enforcement initiatives already underway in Pennsylvania, and provide strategic approaches for investigations and prosecutions. It will illuminate the complex trauma that victims and survivors navigate throughout their recovery and explore the various skills needed to meaningfully engage with survivors as lawyers, members of a legal team, and representatives of the criminal justice system. This presentation will include a detailed discussion of the capacities and limitations of confidentiality and attorney-client privilege in a cross-collaborative setting.

Learning Objectives:

At the conclusion of this course, participants will be better able to:

  • Understand and apply both Federal and Pennsylvania human trafficking laws to target the demand for commercial sex
  • Utilize best practices for professionally engaging with survivors of sex trafficking in a trauma-informed fashion Navigate the challenges of working in multi-disciplinary teams in a way that is victim-centered and respects the boundaries of confidentiality and attorney-client privilege



Using the Federal/State anti-trafficking laws to target the demand as traffickers

(Shea Rhodes and Michelle Morgan)

  • Understand the elements of sex trafficking crimes
  • Identify the means used to force, defraud, and coerce victims into involuntary servitude.
  • Identify the disparities in culpability between selling sex and buying sex
  • Implement anti-demand tactics into investigation and prosecution efforts

2:30-2:45 BREAK


Trauma informed lawyering skills when working with survivors of sex trafficking

(Sarah Robinson and PICK A TSA SOCIAL WORKER)

  • Understand the definitions and histories of trauma, complex trauma, and trauma-informed care
  • Develop trauma-inclusive legal advocacy skills including interview techniques
  • Appreciate the risk of vicarious trauma and uncover ways to mitigate it

3:45-4:00 BREAK


Confidentiality and Attorney Client Privilege

  • Identify the scope, purpose, and limitations of confidentiality, attorney-client privilege and mandated reporting
  • Understand the critical role of human trafficking caseworker confidentiality
  • Develop policies that broaden protections for survivors and enhance cross-collaboration between multi-disciplinary partners

This program, which is open to the public, is approved by the Pennsylvania Continuing Legal Education Board for 2.5 CLE credits ( 2.5 Substantative)

[1] Data from Administrative Office of Pennsylvania Courts, as of 12/31/18.

Training provided by the CSE Institute.


Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Enhanced Collaborative to Combat Human Trafficking Task Force Grant Training at Salvation Army Headquarters

701 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19123