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Beyond The End of the Trail: American Indians and the Panama-Pacific International Exposition

California Historical Society

Wednesday, July 8, 2015 at 6:00 PM (PDT)

Beyond The End of the Trail: American Indians and the...

Ticket Information

Ticket Type Sales End Price Fee Quantity
CHS member admission Ended Free $0.00
General Admission Ended $5.00 $1.27

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Event Details

Many Americans easily recognize James Earle Fraser’s famous statue, The End of the Trail, which first appeared at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition. But despite its popularity, the statue does not accurately represent the participation of American Indians in the fair. Instead, during the nine months of the PPIE, Indians rode in cars and airplanes, performed traditional ceremonies, admired the attractions of the Zone and the rest of the fair, attacked Custer, met Father Serra, deposited money in the bank, and smoked cigarettes. They maintained their Indian identities while taking advantage of the novel and economic opportunities the fair offered, whether that meant a new set of teeth, a ride in an airplane, money to send home to their families, or a platform for campaigning for better treatment by the government. Although the vanishing race rhetoric expressed by the statue complemented the PPIE’s larger messages about progress, expansionism, and conquest, analysis of the performances, daily lives, and media depictions of the fair reveals a multiplicity of discourses about the relationship between Indians and U.S. culture.

Abigail Markwyn is associate professor of history at Carroll University in Waukesha, Wisconsin. She is author ofEmpress San Francisco: the Pacific Rim, the GreatWest, and California at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, and co-editor of Gendering the Fair: Histories of Women and Gender at World’s Fairs

Doors open 5:45PM
Program begins 6:00PM
Have questions about Beyond The End of the Trail: American Indians and the Panama-Pacific International Exposition? Contact California Historical Society

When & Where

California Historical Society
678 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94105

Wednesday, July 8, 2015 at 6:00 PM (PDT)

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California Historical Society

Our mission is to inspire and empower Californians to make the past a meaningful part of their contemporary lives.

The California Historical Society holds one of the richest collections of primary and secondary materials in the state on the social, cultural, economic, and political development of California.

The Gallery provides public access to the collection through changing exhibitions, Tuesday through Sunday, 11:00 to 5:00 p.m.

The North Baker Research Library provides public access to the collection, Wednesday through Friday, 1:00 to 5:00 p.m.

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