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6th International Conference on Material Science and Nanotechnology (PGR)

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00165 Via Aurelia

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6th International Conference on Material Science and Nanotechnology

About Conference

On behalf of Pulsus group, we take immense pleasure in inviting all the participants from all over the world to attend the Material Science Conference entitled "6th International Conference on Material Science and Nanotechnology" to be held in Rome, Italy during July 22-23, 2019.

The conference will be organized around the theme “Future Outlook in the Field of Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology”

Materials science, the investigation of the properties of solid materials and how those properties are controlled by a material's constitution and structure. It grew an amalgam of strong state material science, metallurgy, and engineering. Since the rich assortment of materials properties can't be comprehended inside the setting of any single established order. With a fundamental comprehension of the sources of properties, materials can be chosen or intended for a gigantic assortment of uses, running from auxiliary steels to microchips. Materials science is subsequently critical to designing exercises, for example, hardware, aviation, media communications, data handling, atomic power, and vitality transformation. Materials researchers accentuate seeing how the historical backdrop of a material (its handling) impacts its structure, and accordingly the material's properties and execution. The comprehension of preparing structure-properties connections is known as the materials worldview. This worldview is utilized to propel understanding in an assortment of research regions, including nanotechnology, biomaterials, and metallurgy. Materials science is additionally an imperative piece of criminological designing and disappointment examination - researching materials, items, structures or parts which fall flat or don't work as expected, making individual damage or harm property. Such examinations are critical to comprehension, for instance, the reasons for different avionics mishaps and occurrences.

The earliest systematic discussion of nanotechnology is a speech given by Richard Feynman (American physicist, 1918-1988) in 1959. In this speech, Feynman discussed the importance "of manipulating and controlling things on a small scale" and how they could "tell us much of great interest about the strange phenomena that occur in complex situations. “The term 'nanotechnology' was used first by the Japanese scientists Norio Taniguchi (1912-1999) in a 1974 paper on production technology that creates objects and features on the order of a Nano-meter. The implications of nanotechnology are wide-ranging and could include medicine, military applications, computing, and astronomy. There is growing recognition of the importance of educating future scientists and engineers about this emerging field of NANOTECHNOLOGY, as well as address safety and health aspects of Nanomaterials.

Scientific Sessions

Materials science, the investigation of the properties of solid materials and how those properties are controlled by a material's constitution and structure. It grew an amalgam of strong state material science, metallurgy, and engineering. Since the rich assortment of materials properties can't be comprehended inside the setting of any single established order. With a fundamental comprehension of the sources of properties, materials can be chosen or intended for a gigantic assortment of uses, running from auxiliary steels to microchips. Materials science is subsequently critical to designing exercises, for example, hardware, aviation, media communications, data handling, atomic power, and vitality transformation. Materials researchers accentuate seeing how the historical backdrop of a material (its handling) impacts its structure, and accordingly the material's properties and execution. The comprehension of preparing structure-properties connections is known as the materials worldview. This worldview is utilized to propel understanding in an assortment of research regions, including nanotechnology, biomaterials, and metallurgy. Materials science is additionally an imperative piece of criminological designing and disappointment examination - researching materials, items, structures or parts which fall flat or don't work as expected, making individual damage or harm property. Such examinations are critical to comprehension, for instance, the reasons for different avionics mishaps and occurrences.

The earliest systematic discussion of nanotechnology is a speech given by Richard Feynman (American physicist, 1918-1988) in 1959. In this speech, Feynman discussed the importance "of manipulating and controlling things on a small scale" and how they could "tell us much of great interest about the strange phenomena that occur in complex situations. “The term 'nanotechnology' was used first by the Japanese scientists Norio Taniguchi (1912-1999) in a 1974 paper on production technology that creates objects and features on the order of a Nano-meter. The implications of nanotechnology are wide-ranging and could include medicine, military applications, computing, and astronomy. There is growing recognition of the importance of educating future scientists and engineers about this emerging field of NANOTECHNOLOGY, as well as address safety and health aspects of Nanomaterials.

Track 1: Biomaterials

Biomaterials is a field that focuses on augment human tissues or development of materials. Tissue engineering is one of the subsets of biomaterials and which is expanding rapidly for the treatment of a wide range of medical conditions. The study of biomaterials is called biomaterials science or biomaterials engineering. It has experienced steady and strong growth over its history, with many companies investing large amounts of money into the development of new products. materials can be derived either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical approaches utilizing metallic components, polymers, ceramics or composite materials. They are often used and/or adapted for a medical application, and thus comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device which performs, augments, or replaces a natural function.

Track 2: Material Science and Engineering

Materials science, the investigation of the properties of solid materials and how those properties are controlled by a material's constitution and structure. It grew an amalgam of strong state material science, metallurgy, and engineering. Since the rich assortment of materials properties can't be comprehended inside the setting of any single established order. With a fundamental comprehension of the sources of properties, materials can be chosen or intended for a gigantic assortment of uses, running from auxiliary steels to microchips. Materials science is subsequently critical to designing exercises, for example, hardware, aviation, media communications, data handling, atomic power, and vitality transformation. Materials researchers accentuate seeing how the historical backdrop of a material (its handling) impacts its structure, and accordingly the material's properties and execution. The comprehension of preparing structure-properties connections is known as the materials worldview. This worldview is utilized to propel understanding in an assortment of research regions, including nanotechnology, biomaterials, and metallurgy. Materials science is additionally an imperative piece of criminological designing and disappointment examination - researching materials, items, structures or parts which fall flat or don't work as expected, making individual damage or harm property. Such examinations are critical to comprehension, for instance, the reasons for different avionics mishaps and occurrences.

The expression "biosensor" is another way to say "natural sensor." A biosensor is an investigative gadget which changes over an organic reaction into an electrical flag. The gadget is comprised of a transducer and an organic component that might be a chemical, an immune response or a nucleic corrosive. The biocomponent collaborates with the analyte being tried and the natural reaction is changed over into an electrical flag by the transducer. Electrochemical biosensors are typically in view of enzymatic catalysis of a response that produces or expends electrons (such chemicals are appropriately called redox proteins). Amperometric biosensors are independent coordinated gadgets in view of the estimation of the current coming about because of the oxidation or decrease of an electrodynamics natural component giving quantitative expository data. A potentiometric biosensor can be characterized as a gadget joining an organic detecting component associated with an electrochemical potential transducer. Potentiometric biosensors often depend on a biochemical response prompting less difficult compound species and its ensuing electrochemical identification. The expository flag created by a potentiometric biosensor is an electrical potential. An electrochemical biosensor is an independently incorporated gadget, which is fit for giving quantitative or semi-quantitative expository data utilizing an organic acknowledgment component (biochemical receptor) which is held in coordinate spatial contact with an electrochemical transduction component

Track 4: Mining, Metallurgy, and Material Science

Material science has a basic influence on metallurgy also. Powder metallurgy is a term covering a broad assortment of courses in which materials or parts are delivered utilizing metal powders. They can stay away from, or unbelievably diminish, the need to use metal removal shapes and can reduce the costs. Pyrometallurgy consolidates warm treatment of minerals and metallurgical metals and thinks to acknowledge physical and substantial changes in the materials to enable recovery of beneficial metals. An aggregate learning of metallurgy can help us to isolate the metal in a more conceivable way and can be used to a broader region. The extraction of productive minerals or other topographical materials from the earth is called as Mining and Metallurgy is the field of Materials Science that game plans with physical and manufactured nature of the metallic and intermetallic blends and mixes. Distinctive strategies and innovations utilized as a part of the extraction and generation of different metals are extractions of metals from minerals, decontamination; Metal throwing Technology, plating, showering, and so forth in the arrangement of procedures, the metal is subjected to thermogenic and cryogenic conditions to investigate the erosion, quality, and durability and to ensure that the metal is crawled safely.

Track 5: Catalytic Materials

It has been said that everything is a catalyst for something. Although profound, the statement is not very useful unless materials are organized into groups with common explained with theories or models and systematized into patterns from which new catalysts may be predicted. In this chapter, we examine common types of catalytic materials, current theories underlining their mode of action, and activity patterns useful in design. Much of this is brief by necessity, but the interested reader will find enough references for further study. For the casual reader, this chapter illustrates the complex background in catalysis and testifies to the current attempts to lift catalysis from an “art” to a “science.”

Catalytic materials fall into well-defined categories. The state of each catalyst is a consequence of process demands, e.g., for high activity, or degree of interaction with other components. Classification by electrical conductivity, as metals, semiconductors, and insulators, remains a satisfactory method in treating the theoretical background and behavior patterns of these widely differing materials.

Track 6: Smart Materials

Smart materials are those having one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimuli. SMART MACHINES and SMART STRUCTURES are composed of smart materials. Smart materials have been expanded to the materials that receive, transmit, (or)process a stimulus and respond by producing a useful effect that may include a signal that the materials are used up on it., smart materials are an answer to many contemporary problems. In a world of diminishing resources, they promise increased sustainability of goods through improved efficiency and preventive maintenance. In a world of health and safety threats, they offer early detection, automated diagnosis, and even self-repair.

Track 7: Engineering Materials

Engineering materials have toughness, good electric insulation, ease of molding shape. These materials have low cost and available readily. Metal joining pieces and clamping screws are made of BRASS in these materials because of its specific properties like the ease of machine good electrical conductivity. These materials have properties such as electrical conductivity, strength, toughness, ease of forming by extrusion, forging and casting, machinability and corrosion resistance.

Track 8: Advanced Composite Materials

Composite materials are becoming more important in the construction of aerostructures. Aircraft parts are made from composite materials such as fairings, spoilers and flight controls were developed for their weight saving over aluminum parts. New generation aircraft are designed with all composite FUSELAGE and wing structures. These are also the advanced polymer matrix composites. They have the desired physical and chemical properties. These are generally characterized and detected by their unusually high stiffness or modulus of elasticity. These Advanced composite matrices are used in REINFORCED MATRIX COMPOSITION.

Track 9: Functional Graded Materials (FGM)

A functionally graded material (FGM) is a two-component composite characterized by a compositional gradient from one component to the other. In contrast, traditional composites are homogeneous mixtures, and they, therefore, involve a compromise between the desirable properties of the component materials. Here the combination of materials is used to serve the purpose of the thermal barrier which is capable of withstanding a surface temperature of 200k and temperature gradient of 1000k across a 10mm section. Basic structure units of FGM's are elements (or) materials gradients represented by MAXEL. These are used to remove the sharp interface.

Track 10: Nano Materials

Materials having particles (or) constituents of nanoscale dimensions are said to be nanomaterials. Nanomaterials are usually considered to be materials with at least one external dimension that measures 100 nm (or) with internal structure measures 100nm or less. These nanomaterials will be in the form of tubes, rods (or) fibers. The number of products produced by Nanotechnology or containing nanomaterials entering the market is increasing. Nanomaterials have their current application included in healthcare, cosmetics, textiles, information technology, and environmental protection.

Track 11: NanoMedicine

Nanomedicine is a branch of medicine that applies the knowledge and tools of nanotechnology to the prevention and treatment of diseases. Nanomedicine involves the use of nanoscale materials such as biocompatible nanoparticles and robotics for diagnosis, delivery, sensing (or) actuating purpose in a living organism. Nanomedicine seeks to deliver a valuable set of research tools and clinically used devices in the future The national nanotechnology initiative expects the new commercial application in the pharmaceutical industry that may include advanced drug delivery system, new therapies in VIVO imaging.

Track 12: Nanoelectronics

Nanoelectronics is based on the application of nanotechnology in the field of electronics and electronic components. Nanoelectronics may generally mean all the electronic components, special attention is given in the case of transistors. These transistors have a size lesser than 100 nanometers. Although a nanoelectronics device can be made fully functional, the workload it can do is restricted to its size. The basic principle is that the power of a machine will increase according to the increase in volume, but the amount of friction that the machine’s bearings hold will depend on the surface area of the machine.

Track 13: Nanorobotics

Nanorobotics is a technology of creating machines and robots at the microscopic scale of a nanometer (10^-9). Nanorobots would typically be device ranging in size from 0.1-10 micrometer. The main element used will be carbon in the form of diamond/fullerene nanocomposites because of strength and chemical inertness of the form. This chapter overviews the state of the art of nanorobotics outlines nanoactuator and focuses on nanorobotic manipulation systems and their application in Nano assembly, biotechnology and the construction and characterization of nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) through a hybrid approach.

Track 14: Tools and Instruments of Nanotechnology

The tools and instrument used in nanotechnology overview that gives broad details of instruments and tools along with some technical aspects involved in it. The tools and instruments of nanotechnology are the Hardware and software that is used to manipulate and measure the structure of nanoscale.

Track 15: Nanotechnology Applications

Nanotechnology and nanosciences are the study and applications of extremely small things that can be used across all other science fields such as chemistry, biology, physics, material sciences, and engineering. Nanotechnology expands its creation in both materials and devices with a vast range of applications such as medicine, electronics, biomaterials and energy production. Nanotechnology Products and Applications database already provides an overview of how nanomaterials and Nanostructuring applications are used today in industrial and commercial applications across industries

Track 16: Nanolithography

Nanolithography is a branch of nanotechnology concerned with study and applications of nanofabrication of nanometer-scale structures. This technique can be used in nanofabrication of various semiconducting integrated circuits(IC'S), Nanoelectromechanical systems(NEMS). Here modification in semiconductor chips at the nanoscale (i.e., the range of 10^-9m) is also possible. This method is contrasting to various applications existing nanolithography techniques like photolithography, nanoimprint lithography, scanning probe lithography(spa), atomic force microscope.

Track 17: Implications of Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology includes both benefits and potential negatives. It has direct beneficial applications for medicine and the environment. But like all the technologies it may have unintended effects that can adversely impact the environment both within the body and the natural ecosystem. The current hypothesis suggests that some engineered nanoparticles may be more TOXIC than others of identical chemical composition.

Track 18: Energy Harvesting Materials

The science of energy harvesting materials is experiencing phenomenal growth and attracting huge interest. Exploiting recently acquired insights into the fundamental mechanisms and principles of photosynthesis, it is now possible to forge entirely new and distinctive molecular materials and devise artificial photosystems and applications for remote from conventional solar cell technology. There are several promising microscale energy harvesting materials (including ceramics, single crystals, polymers, and composites) and technologies currently being developed.

Track 19: Nanophotonics

The area of nanoscience called as Nanophotonics is defined as the science and engineering of light-matter interactions that take place on wavelength and subwavelength scale where the physical-chemical and structural nature or artificial nanostructured matter control the interactions. Higher dimensional photonic crystals are of great interest for both fundamental and applied research, and the two-dimensional ones are beginning to find commercial applications.

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