In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967), was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that ensured the right to counsel for children accused of crimes in juvenile court. The ruling also provided other due process rights, including the right to adequate notice of charges, the right to confront accuser, and the right against self-incrimination.
On June 8, 1964, Gerald Francis Gault, fifteen years old, was taken into custody on suspicion of making a lewd phone call to his neighbor, Mrs. Ora Cook. At the time Gault was already on probation for stealing a wallet. Therefore the police arrested him and did not leave notice or inform Gault’s parents, who were at work, that they had arrested Gault. When Gault’s mother located him at the county children’s detention home, she was prohibited from taking him home. During the preliminary hearing, the following day, Mrs. Cook failed to appear at court, not allowing Gault to confront his accuser. After proceedings in juvenile court, Gault was committed to the State Industrial School until he reached the age of 21. Gault’s attorney filed for writ of habeas corpus, petitioning that the juvenile code of Arizona violated the due process clause of the 14th Amendment. The United States Supreme Court, in a decision 8-1, ruled “that Gault’s commitment to the State Industrial School was a clear violation of the 14th Amendment.” The In re Gault case held that, “Juveniles tried for crimes in delinquency proceedings should have the right of due process protected by the 14th Amendment, including the right to confront witnesses and the right to counsel guaranteed by the 6th Amendment.”
Please join the Earl Carl Institute at Thurgood Marshall School of Law and the Juvenile Crime Prevention Center at Prairie View University for the commemorantion of the 50th Anniversary of In Re Gault which set a precendent for juvenile justice and the protection of juvenile's constitutional rights. The event will be held in the McCoy Auditorium at the Barbara Jordan Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs on the campus of Texas Southern University from 10am-4:15pm on March 2, 2017.
Date and Time
McCoy Auditorium at the Barbara Jordan Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs
3401 Cleburne Street
Houston, TX 77004