3rd Internat'l Conference on Gastroenterology & Digestive Disorders (aac) A

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3rd International Conference on Gastroenterology and Digestive Disorders

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Theme

Future Outlook and Peculiar Trends in Gastroenterology

Let’s get prepared for the 3rd International Conference on Gastroenterology and Digestive Disorders with the theme of Future outlook and peculiar trends in gastroenterology. We are thankful to welcome you to amass at Universal Conference on Gastroenterology and Digestive Disorders in Italy, Rome, Feb 24-25,2020. Gastroenterologists 2020 proposes to the Researchers, essential specialists, experts and analysts working underneath the academic era and related industries, Business Delegates, Researchers and understudies over the globe to grant a widespread gathering to the dispersal of interesting research results, modern thoughts, and utilitarian improvement encounters. We believe that you will get a handle on this academic event to revive the persisting associations and blaze with new companions far and wide.

Meet the Worldwide Rousing Specialists and Speakers at our Gastroenterologists 2020 to talk about modern signs of progress within the field of immunology and gastroenterology interaction to upgrade well-being and treatment and additional advancements. Gastro Research 2019 not essentially makes a arrange to trade estimations to the colossal social occasion of individuals, however also attempts to spread centered and inquire approximately propels within the clinical, unmistakable and physiological parts of restorative and structuring. It happens to be more conceivable for everyone to put within the photo with novel research and to see the degree and noteworthiness of research keep running within the field of Gastroenterology and stomach related Disorders.

The vital center is to communicate astounding research work with lifted need and intrigue close by distinctive sorts of articles counting Gastroenterology articles, brief correspondence, Publication, case reports, Commentary, Perspectives and so on., With the fundamental objective of passing on relentless understanding.

Gastrointestinal Endocrinology

This branch deals with the study of hormonal regulation of digestion. It has been reported that few hormones are common in both gastroenteropancreatic endocrine cells and nerve and brain cells and this creates a concept of the gut-brain axis. Gastroenteropancreatic hormones play a vital role in carbohydrate metabolism, gastric acid secretion, pancreatic exocrine and gallbladder function, gastrointestinal motility, and blood flow.

It has been found out that diabetes mellitus is the salient metabolic disorders related to gastroenteropancreatic hormonal imbalance. Tumor producing hormones are of pancreatic origin. Insulinomas and gastrinomas are detected due to the anomaly these hormones caused.

The most challenging task is to identify if postprandial changes in the plasma the concentration of these hormones is sufficient for the control of digestion.

Conference Highlights

  • Gastroenterology
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders
  • Gut Microbiome & Probiotics Interaction
  • Acid-related disease
  • Gastrointestinal Bleeding
  • Gastrointestinal Oncology
  • Pediatric Gastroenterology
  • Gastrointestinal pathology
  • Neuro Gastroenterology
  • Gastrointestinal Radiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • Gastrointestinal Immunology
  • Coloproctology
  • Gastrointestinal Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Obesity and Diabetes
  • Gastrointestinal Endocrinology

Scientific Sessions

Session on Gastroenterology

As the word itself signifies the meaning that it is the study of the stomach and intestine. Illnesses affecting the gastrointestinal tract, and GIT includes all the organs from mouth till rectum, alongside the alimentary canal is the center of this specialty. Gastroenterology is primarily managing with the direction and work from Mouth to the anal and they're disarranged. It deals with the whole idea of physiology of the gastrointestinal organs containing the program of fabric through the stomach, the absorption, and ingestion of supplements into the body, ejection of waste material from the system, and the control of the liver as a digestive organ. It contains ordinary and a few specific stomachs related to disarrays like enterocolitis, Gallstones, Celiac Disease, Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative, Colitis Ulcerative, Colitis Irritable Bowel Syndrome Hemorrhoids, Diverticulitis, Anal Fissure, colon polyps and cancer, hepatitis, and pancreatitis. Extends, all fundamental activity, and sickness of the stomach related organs are a part of the study of Gastroenterology.

Session on Obesity and Diabetes

Obesity plays a vital role in increasing the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure and all such problems are also interwinding with heart disease. For example, an obese person’s risk of a heart attack is 3 times greater than that of a person with a healthy weight. These are the most atrocious health issues worldwide. The bridge between obesity and diabetes is BMI( basal metabolic index) for example, an obese person with a large number of glycerols, proinflammatory markers, fats, and non-steroid fatty acids develops insulin resistance.

It has been recorded by The Centre Of Disease Control and Prevention that 53% of black women and 32% of white women come under the category of obese. BMI of 32kg/m2 has 28 times more chances of developing diabetes than that of normal-weight women. Then later on diabetes can spikes the risk of heart disease by 2 folds in women.

Session on Gastrointestinal Endocrinology

This branch deals with the study of hormonal regulation of digestion. IT has been reported that few hormones are common in both gastroenteropancreatic endocrine cells and nerve and brain cells and this creates a concept of the gut-brain axis. Gastroenteropancreatic hormones play a vital role in carbohydrate metabolism, gastric acid secretion, pancreatic exocrine and gallbladder function, gastrointestinal motility, and blood flow.

It has been found out that diabetes mellitus is the salient metabolic disorders related to gastroenteropancreatic hormonal imbalance. Tumor producing hormones are of pancreatic origin. Insulinomas and gastrinomas are detected due to the anomaly these hormones caused.

The most challenging task is to identify if postprandial changes in the plasma the concentration of these hormones are sufficient for the control of digestion.

Session on Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

This technique is used to visualize and examine the various part of our body in particular intestinal tumors, stomach ulcers, and esophagus. An endoscope is flexible a pipe-like device incorporated through the regular openings of the body, likewise to tract, nose anus, urethra or vagina and close to the organs to be analyzed. This device comes with a cable along with a camera that helps in visualizing the inner parts of the stomach, the intestinal tract, liver, pancreas, and all the injured area. This device can be used in different apparatus because of the advancement in the imaging field. The technique called CT colposcopy is used to distinguish the polyps, chromoendoscopy plays a vital role in visualizing the mucosa and internal covering of the digestive systems.

Session on Gastrointestinal Disorders

Gastrointestinal clutters incorporate such conditions as Stomach ache, constipation, irritable bowel disorder, Malabsorption hemorrhoids, Ulcers anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas, piles perianal infections, diverticular infections, colitis, colon polyps, and cancer. We can avoid those lethal conditions by cleanliness, incorporating good nourishment, bowel habits, and a regular check-up/screening.

Functional GI clutters are those in which the gastrointestinal(GI) tract seems quite normal but doesn't work appropriately. They are the foremost common issues influencing the GItract (counting the colon and rectum). Constipation and irritable bowel disorder (IBS) are two common cases.

Structural clutters are those in which the bowel seems anomalous and doesn't work appropriately. Some of the time, the structural anomaly has to be evacuated surgically. Common causes of auxiliary GI clutters incorporate hemorrhoids, diverticular infection, colon polyps, colon cancer, and provocative bowel malady.

Session on Gut Microbiome & Probiotics Interaction

There may bacterial cells which reside within the human GIT as a host. These organisms are living inside the human gut are known as Gut Microbiota. These organisms assist with human metabolism, physiology immune system, and nutrition. These do many tasks that our human body is unable to do and produces varieties of polysaccharides, proteins, nutrients this could cause either good to the human or harm like infections, obesity, diabetes, IBD, tumors, etc.

Many times the question comes in our mind whether probiotics assist with the interactions so there are two things that we could extrapolate firstly, consuming probiotics can help our digestive system to boost up and eliminate unwanted bacteria secondly, They could mix with other bacteria i.e. foreign bacteria and reverse their action but as of now, there is no such report which could confirm it.

Session on Acid-related disease

Here the the the acid which we are talking about is gastric acid or gastric juice. It is basically composed of HCL, KCL, and NaCl and as we know about the role of acids which is breaking down or dissolving any material so the same thing it does in our digestive system i.e. helps in digestion of proteins. This acid is produced from cells of the inner line of the stomach known as parietal cells or oxyntic cells. So in order to maintain the acidity of the digestive systems other cells in the stomach produce sodium bicarbonate because the uncontrolled release of acid could cause several conditions like ulcer so we have an autonomous nervous system to control the release of acid. There are several hormones that assist with the release of Gastrin and this release leads to the excessive flow of gastric acid which causes conditions like peptic ulcers, pancreatic ulcers, intestinal ulcers. If we go in detail the main function of gastric acid is to protect against the bacterial overgrowth in our digestive system. Achlorhydria and hypochlorhydria are mostly seen as digestive problems. They cause various health issues like heartburn, indigestion, gallstone, asthma, bloating, diarrhea, mineral deficiency, iron deficiency, etc

Session on Gastrointestinal Bleeding

It is a condition of the human digestive system. It affects our GI tracti.e. from mouth to anus. Symptoms are blood vomiting and dark red or black stool etc. Sometimes it occurs without any symptoms like its blood flow inside the tissue due to the rupturing of inner walls of the tissue, the major bleeding is called upper gastrointestinal bleeding. This leads to several fatal conditions like peptic ulcer, variceal bleeding by liver cirrhosis, intestinal cancer. Gastrointestinal bleeding can be diagnosed using upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and it rules out any upper GI bleeding. Then we can use a colonoscopy to check the bleeding in the lower GI tract. Sometimes due to the microscopic level of bleeding, it does not show any symptoms but over time it leads to anemia and excessive bleeding leads to death.

Session on Gastrointestinal Oncology

This term refers to cancer-related to GI tract. It mainly attacks the throat, gut, gallbladder, stomach, pancreas, rectum and anus. The therapy for GIT cancer depends on its stage, type, etc. Researchers found that GI cancer occurs mainly due to the consumption of alcohol, smoking, food habits, people from the mining industry, exposure to asbestos. This is followed in such a way that first comes endoscopy then a biopsy of tissue and new therapies in GI cancer. The therapy also depends upon the area of the tumor and growth of the cell and also look at whether the other tissue is getting attacked so that we can be prepared for further damage.

Session on Gastrointestinal Pathology

It is the study of the recognition and depiction of neoplastic (anomalous and uncontrolled growth of tissue) and non-neoplastic diseases of the digestive tracts, accessory organs such as the pancreas and liver.

A survey has shown that every 10 Americans 1 is affected by the digestive disease every year. So it is estimated that around 60-65 million people are affected by this every year. It is found out that the cost of $ 87billion accountable for gastrointestinal diseases. And it includes 52 million doctor visits, 27 million endoscopic symptomatic procedure and around 22million gastrointestinal specimens directed to the pathologist. Due to the increase in the frequency of gastrointestinal infection the interest has been increased in gastroenterology care over a few years. It has been estimated that by 2018around 42 million endoscopies will be performed which will generate around $ 40billion.

Session on Pediatric Gastroenterology

It deals with the GI tract, pancreas, and liver of the children from the time of birth till the age of sixteen. Mostly seen conditions are diarrhea, inflammation, and gastritis. Recent advancement has been seen in the field of pediatric gastroenterology. It has shown a tremendous development in North America and Europe.

The most dreadful and irresolvable problem for infants or a premature baby is colon cancer in which they tend to secrete huge amounts of bile juice which spreads throughout the body and decreases their birth rate. Some have seen that neonates are mostly suffering from conditions like gastric perforation, ileal perforation.

Session on Neuro Gastroenterology

It is the subspecialty in the field of gastroenterology that overlaps with neurology. The enteric nervous system is the mess of neurons and comes under the autonomous nervous system and it can work independently of central nervous. This branch deals with the combined study of mind, gut and signals. The main focus of this study is to deal with the neuroplasticity in the intestinal adaption, capacities, dysfunction in the spinal cord, parasympathetic and enteric divisions in the intestinal tract. Gut mainly works as a second brain and our nervous system focuses on gut through the enteric nervous system. The enteric nervous system has a group of neurons which helps with the motor function of the system and release of gastrointestinal enzymes. Neurotransmitters that are involved with these neurons are no different then CNS which includes acetylcholine, dopamine, and serotonin. Serotonin and dopamine being the vital part of the nervous system, play a very important role in the research area for neuro gastroenterologists.

Session on Gastrointestinal Radiology

GI radiology deals with fluoroscopy and barium based contrast material to extract images of the GI tract i.e. small intestine, esophagus, stomach, etc. It is one of the safest techniques to identify the pain, acid reflux, blood in stool and other symptoms.

Session on Hepatology

This branch talks about the study of liver, pancreas, gallbladder. The main focus of this branch is the liver and its disorder and how to diagnose them. These disorders mainly include acute and chronic hepatitis, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, genetic and metabolic liver diseases, liver cancer, liver transplantation, drug metabolism and immunology as it involves the liver. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are responsible for 805 of liver cancer cases.

Session on Gastrointestinal Surgery

Digestive the system is one of the complex systems of our body which can be disturbed by diseases, diets emotional stress. Out of which few can be cured with medicines and by changing lifestyle and maintaining hygiene. But others require surgery. This surgery involves the treatment of upper GIT (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas) and lower GIT (stomach, small intestine, large intestine, colon, rectum, anus).

Session on Gastrointestinal Immunology

It is the branch of immunology with deals with the differentiation of lymphoid tissues of the GI tract and how our GI tract reacts to the external stimulus. Gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) is the part of our immune system associated with our GIT tract. The cavum of Digestive tract is outside of the body and it is observed that most of the part of the cavum is highly populated with pathogenic microorganisms thus it is necessary that there is a presence of mucosal boundary and our GI tract is loaded with lymphocytes, macrophages, and other cells. The number of lymphoid tissues in GALT is equivalent to the spleen and they distributed in three basic populations on the basis of location Peyer's patches, lamina propria and intraepithelial. Another salient component is M cell or can also be called a microfold cell. M cells are present in the intestinal epithelium and endocytose protein and peptide antigens. Instead of digesting these proteins, M cells transport them to underlying tissue, where they are taken up by dendritic cells and macrophages then dendritic cells and macrophages transport the antigenic proteins to T cells in the GALT, then they will be destroyed with the help of payer’s patches, lamina propria, and intraepithelial lymphocytes. This is a great example of a body's differentiating ability.

Session on Coloproctology

This is a branch of medicine which talks about the study of the investigation, diagnosis, and treatment of colorectal conditions. These conditions include a wide variety of ailments but its severity varies from mildly irritating to life-threatening. This branch deals with the colorectal surgery there are different types of colorectal surgeries which include colectomy, colostomy, endoscopic surgery, necropsy, resection, etc. It has been found that the early detection of colorectal diseases can be a great help in the treatment and increased chances of survival rates.

Session on Gastrointestinal Nutrition and Dietetics

Gastrointestinal nutrition and dietetics give information and wide coverage of the relation between nutrition and diet and the gastrointestinal tract. It gives an idea about the factors responsible for the wide range of gastrointestinal diseases. It also grants a summary of anatomy and physiology, measurement and assessment of function and dietary components appurtenant to gastrointestinal health. A malfunctioned gut can have a negative impact on the physiological function of the body. The amplified subsume of proteins, nutrients, minerals, and electrolytes are routinely required to replace supplement lost because of the obstructed stomach related and absorptive limits. Dinner frequency and various attributes of eating routine might be adjusted to meet the patient’s requirement. Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a scientific approach to tackle certain chronic conditions by using individually tailored-nutritional plans.

AGENDA

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Organizing Committee

David H, Van Thiel,

Professor

Rush University, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Chicago, USA

Dr. Alireza Heidari

President

American International Standards Institute (AISI)

New York, USA

Wasif Saif

Professor, GI Oncology

Tufts University School of Medicine

Boston, USA

Chia-Yen-Dai

KAOHSIUNG MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Dr.Antonioiannetti

Professor, gastroenterology and Digestive Disorders

La Sapieuza University

Rome, Italy

Dr. Wassil Nowicky

Director of Nowicky Pharma, Gastrointestinal Cancer

Nowicky Pharma

Vienna, Austria

Susan Joyce

Professor, Biochemistry and Cell Biology

University College Cork

Dublin, Ireland

AZIZ KOLEILAT

Clinical Associate Professor, Pediatric department

Beirut Arab University

Beirut, Lebanon

Dr. Ahmed Farag

Ex-Head of Department of G. surgery , Internal Medicine

Cairo University

Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Mohamed Kamal Shaker

Director, Medicine

Ain Shams Univeristy.

Cario, Egypt

Dr. Shuxin Han

Ph.D, Metabolic Biology

University of Science and Technology of China First Affiliated Hospital

Anhui, China

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