3rd East Asia Energy Forum

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Role of Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS)/ Carbon Recycling in ASEAN/East Asia

About this event

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and the Energy Research Institute Network (ERIN) will hold the 3rd East Asia Energy Forum (EAEF3) on Tuesday, 17 November 2020 as one of the programmes of the Asia Energy Business Forum (AEBF) 2020. The AEBF 2020 will be held on 17-20 November 2020, co-organised by the ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) and dmg events.

The forum, which will be held as a virtual conference, will feature keynote speakers from the ministerial level of ASEAN countries and Japan, as well as speakers and panellists from the specialists of ministries, companies, and international organisations from East Asia region on AEBF 2020 event website.

Background

Most current energy polices of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries are meant to improve the availability, accessibility, and affordability of energy supply. The East Asia Summit (EAS) Energy Outlook, updated by ERIA in 2018, suggested that ASEAN would still depend on fossil fuels in 2040 and the share of fossil fuels per total primary energy supply (TPES) in 2040 would be 85% in the Business-as-Usual (BAU) scenario and 76% under the Alternative Policy Scenario (APS) including aggressive energy efficiency and conservation (EEC) and variable renewable energy (vRE) targets. CO2 emissions by ASEAN countries from 2015 to 2040 are expected to increase by about three times in the BAU scenario and by two times under the APS.

ASEAN member countries have two choices to reduce future CO2 emissions: one is shifting to zero emission energy sources, which are hydropower, geothermal power, nuclear power, and vRE such as solar/PV and wind for generating electricity; the other is application of Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) and Carbon Recycling technologies. Regarding the first option, generation costs of vRE have been falling, but several operational challenges remain – the seasonality of hydropower and vRE, safety concerns of nuclear power, and unstable power generation and lower vRE operation rates. Regarding the second option, CCUS is not yet commercially available and further R&D with strong government support and international and regional cooperation is needed to make it commercially viable. ASEAN will have to tackle the challenge of not only penetrating zero emission power sources, therefore, but also promoting CCUS/Carbon Recycling. The Second East Asia Energy Forum (EAEF) held in Bangkok in 2019 discussed vRE and the third forum focuses on CCUS/Carbon Recycling.

The road transport sector is the second largest sector in term of CO2 emissions in the ASEAN region (after the power generation sector). Use of electric vehicles or Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) could help to reduce CO2 emissions in this sector in ASEAN countries. FCEVs need hydrogen as fuel and fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas will become major hydrogen sources in the near future. Gasification processes will be used to extract hydrogen from low-quality coal such as lignite or brown coal and steam reforming processes will be used to extract hydrogen from natural gas such as flared gas. Both processes emit CO2 during their hydrogen production processes. Therefore, CCUS will be very important for producing blue hydrogen.

The Third East Asia Energy Forum, ‘The Role of Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) /Carbon Recycling in ASEAN/Asia’, organised by ERIA and hosted by Viet Nam, will be a virtual forum due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It will discuss the current status and holistic perspectives of CCUS/Carbon Recycling in the EAS region and the world, which will have critical implications for energy sustainability in the region.

The Forum will be privileged to have an opening address by H.E. Mr. Tran Tuan Anh, Minister of Industry and Trade, Viet Nam. Given the vital roles of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Philippines, and Thailand in CCUS/Carbon Recycling, ERIA also aims to have keynote speeches by ministers of these countries.

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Organizer ERIA

Organizer of 3rd East Asia Energy Forum

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) is an international organisation providing support to the chair of the ASEAN Summit and the East Asia Summit through policy research focusing on three pillars: deepening economic integration, narrowing development gaps, and achieving sustainable development in the region.

Its establishment was formally agreed among 16 heads of government at the Third East Asia Summit in Singapore on 21 November 2007. It works closely with the ASEAN Secretariat, researchers, and research institutes from East Asia to provide intellectual and analytical research and policy recommendations.

ERIA was ranked ninth out of 85 top International Economic Policy Think Tanks in the 2020 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report (GGTTI) conducted by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTSCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania.

 

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