Actions and Detail Panel
30th Annual PNNS Conference
Sat, March 25, 2017, 9:00 AM – 5:30 PM PDT
Applied Neuropsychology: A Bright Past, a Brighter Future
David Faust, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology, University of Rhode Island, and Albert Medical School, Brown University
The field of neuropsychology has shown rapid and remarkable development in numerous domains, although in recent years, especially as regulatory controls have tightened, some have taken a dour view of its future prospects and the growth of practice opportunities. There are, however, compelling reasons for optimism, especially if we are willing to rethink certain conventional or arguably outdated beliefs and assumptions, capitalize on advances in related or applicable areas, and emphasize approaches that can extend outreach to the large proportion of individuals who could benefit from, but do not currently receive, neuropsychological services.
In this presentation, Dr. Faust will briefly review some of the major accomplishments of the field over the last few decades, describe various special problems and concerns in applied neuropsychology and potential approaches to addressing them, and discuss ongoing developments and future possibilities for enhancing the quality of our work and expanding the provision of services nationally and internationally. Topics to be covered include:
•A brief overview of some of the major advances in neuropsychology over the last few decades
•Special problems in neuropsychological assessment and some possible solutions or directions, e.g., ten big issues with norms and reference groups, need for research on injured and exaggerating, why screening is usually ineffective, design of batteries
•The science of decision making and how it can help your practice, e.g., incorporating base rates; alternative methods for integrating data in consideration of their relative efficacy; the benefits of prioritizing incremental validity; recognizing limits in the association between confidence and accuracy and implications for decision making; accepting error to make less error
•Considerations in multi-cultural neuropsychology and assessment of diverse groups, e.g., common questionable assumptions about methods for reducing potential bias (such as emphasizing nonverbal items), criteria for appraising test adaptation groups; implications of uneven cross-cultural impacts among different tests and individuals and resultant impact on test patterns
•A closer look at the treatment validity of neuropsychological assessment, e.g., formally appraising the potential benefits, or maximizing the benefits, of neuropsychological assessment on patient outcome is a grossly under-researched area in our field. I will discuss the state of the science and potential initiatives in this area.
•Promising ongoing developments, future prospects, emerging areas of practice opportunity, and extending outreach to the many individuals who could benefit from, but currently do not receive, neuropsychological services, e.g., use of digital technology for evaluation and intervention; population-based (versus just individually-based) neuropsychological services; brain health and preventative initiatives; opportunities in international practice; legal trends and needs