The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies presents
The Globalization of Defense-Industrial Manufacturing and the New Middle East Military Complex: A Look at Egypt, Jordan, and the UAE
Featuring Shana Marshall
Associate Director, Institute for Middle East Studies, George Washington University
The globalization of capitalism has produced many dramatic changes, but most scholars have agreed that the military-industrial sector would be the last preserve of statist and protectionist economic policy. Now even this industry is increasingly untethered from the state, as production lines are outsourced to low-cost labor markets, technology is transferred under preferential trading agreements, and governments with deep pockets lure corporations to new shores with subsidies, new research facilities, and guaranteed contracts. All these trends are visible in the Middle East, notably in Egypt, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates, where governments and national militaries are playing an increasingly sophisticated role in the global defense industry - with important consequences for the region's economy and the shape of future conflicts.
Shana Marshall is Associate Director of the Institute for Middle East Studies at the George Washington University. She received her PhD in International Relations and Comparative Politics of the Middle East at the University of Maryland in 2012. Her dissertation, “The New Politics of Patronage: The Arms Trade and Clientelism in the Arab World” examines how regional governments utilize their trade with Western defense firms in order to encourage foreign investment in the industrial and commercial ventures of regime-allied elites. Her work has appeared in The Middle East Report (MERIP), The International Journal of Middle East Studies, Middle East Policy, and Jadaliyya. Prior to George Washington University, Dr. Marshall was a research fellow at The Crown Center for Middle East Studies at Brandeis University and the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton University. Her current research focuses on patterns of military entrepreneurship in Egypt, Jordan, and the UAE, as well as how forms of bribery are adapted over time to circumvent existing legal regimes.
Elisabeth Sexton, CCAS Public Affairs Coordinator
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