On December 12, 2013, The Jamestown Foundation will hold its Seventh Annual Terrorism Conference in the Root Room at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. The conference will feature keynote speaker General James N. Mattis (Retired), Former Commander, U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM). Speakers at the conference will focus their discussion on al-Qaeda and its offshoots in North Africa and the Middle East. See below for the conference agenda:
8:00 A.M.–8:30 A.M.
8:30 A.M.–8:40 A.M.
Glen E. Howard
President, The Jamestown Foundation
The Periphery and the Core: The Evolution of AQ and Its Affiliates
8:40 A.M.–10:00 A.M.
Director, Center for Security Studies,
Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University &
Board Member, The Jamestown Foundation
Senior Fellow, The Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution
& Board Member, Jamestown Foundation
President and CEO of Caerus Associates
Q & A
10:00 A.M.–10:30 A.M.
Trends in al-Qaeda and Its Affiliates
10:30 A.M.–12:00 A.M.
“The Future of the Taliban after 2014”
Daniel R. Green
“Al-Qaeda’s Resiliency in Yemen”
Ira Weiner Fellow, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
“Somalia's al-Shabaab Movement: Tactical Overhaul in a Collapsing Insurgency”
Senior Editor, The Jamestown Foundation’s Global Terrorism Analysis program
“Al-Qaeda's Affiliate in Nigeria: Boko Haram or Ansaru?”
African Affairs Analyst, The Jamestown Foundation
Q & A
12:00 P.M.–12:30 P.M.
12:30 P.M.–1:15 P.M.
Introduction by General Carlton W. Fulford
Board Member, The Jamestown Foundation
General James N. Mattis (ret.)
Q & A
1:15 P.M.–1:30 P.M.
Trends and Strategies in Militant Groups in the Middle East & North Africa
1:30 P.M.–3:15 P.M.
Michael W.S. Ryan
“Assessing the Strategies of al-Qaeda from Afghanistan to Syria and Beyond:
Is AQ Entering the Strategic Offensive?
Senior Fellow, The Jamestown Foundation
“The Future of Libyan Militant Groups”
North Africa and Middle East Analyst, Daily Beast
Nicholas A. Heras
“The Struggle for Western Syria: Between al-Assad, Hezbollah and the Islamist Armed Opposition”
Middle East Analyst, The Jamestown Foundation
Wladimir van Wilgenburg
“Between al-Qaeda and the PKK: The Future of the Kurds in Syria”
Middle East Analyst, The Jamestown Foundation
Q & A
3:15 P.M.–4:00 P.M.
General Michael V. Hayden
Former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Q & A
Jamie Dettmer is an independent American-British journalist covering North Africa and the Middle East. He has focused on Libya, Lebanon and Syria, and writes for the Daily Beast and broadcasts for Voice of America. He has also written for The Jamestown Foundation and The Middle East Institute. This is his third stint in the region during a media career spanning more than three decades.
He has been a correspondent in the United States, Europe, Russia, the Indian sub-continent, Africa and Central America and has worked on staff for The Times (London), Sunday Telegraph (London), Washington Times, New York Sun, Bonnier Media Group, The Scotsman and Irish Sunday Tribune, and has been on contract for several other major U.S., British, Irish and Canadian media outlets.
In Syria he covered the battle for Aleppo and produced two major stories on rape by pro-government militiamen in Homs and human rights violations by rebels in Al Bab. He was one of the first international journalists to detail the rise of the Jihadist al-Nusra Front.
He has produced a stream of exclusive reports and interviews on political and security issues in Libya and Lebanon over the last 18 months and was one of the lead reporters covering the assault on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi. He was one of only two Western reporters who managed to get in to Bani Walid during the siege of the town last year. He has interviewed leading jihadist and Islamist figures throughout the region as well as top politicians in the Middle East.
Mr. Dettmer is a graduate of Cambridge University, England.
Gen. Carlton W. Fulford, Jr. (ret.)
General Carlton W. Fulford (ret.) presently consults with U.S. government and other private organizations on security matters. He served as Director of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, a Department of Defense regional center, from 2003-2006.
Daniel R. Green
Dr. Daniel R. Green is the Ira Weiner fellow at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy focusing on Yemen, Afghanistan, al-Qaeda and stability operations. He is a military veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan and the author of the book The Valley's Edge: A Year with the Pashtuns in the Heartland of the Taliban (2011).
Gen. Michael V. Hayden (ret.)
General Michael V. Hayden (USAF Ret.) served as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from 2006 to 2009 and was responsible for overseeing the collection of information concerning the plans, intentions and capabilities of America’s adversaries, producing timely analysis for decision makers, and conducting covert operations to thwart terrorists and other enemies of the United States. Before becoming Director of the CIA, General Hayden served as the country’s first Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence — and was the highest-ranking intelligence officer in the armed forces. Earlier, he served as Commander of the Air Intelligence Agency, Director of the Joint Command and Control Warfare Center, Director of the National Security Agency from 1999 to 2005, and Chief of the Central Security Service. General Hayden graduated from Duquesne University with a bachelor’s degree in history in 1967 and a master’s degree in modern American history in 1969. He was a distinguished graduate of the university’s ROTC program, and began his active military service in 1969. General Hayden is currently a principal at the Chertoff Group in Washington, D.C., and a Board Member at The Jamestown Foundation.
Nicholas A. Heras
Nicholas A. Heras is an Analyst with the Jamestown Foundation with a focus on the Middle East region. He is a regular contributor to the Jamestown Foundation’sTerrorism Monitor and Militant Leadership Monitor. Mr. Heras has significant field experience in all regions of Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan, and has conducted extensive research on the Syrian insurgency and the socio-cultural dynamics that impact the Syrian civil war and Syria’s neighbors.
His work has also appeared in several publications, including CNN, the West Point Combating Terrorism Center (CTC) Sentinel, UPI, Asia Times, Small Wars Journal, Long War Journal, Washington Institute for Near East Policy and Middle East Report. Mr. Heras has been asked to comment on issues related to the Levant by al-Jazeera, Associated Press, The National (UAE), The International Business Times, and the nationally syndicated radio program “Background Briefing.”
Professor Bruce Hoffman is a Board Member of The Jamestown Foundation. He has been studying terrorism and insurgency for more than thirty years. Professor Hoffman is currently a tenured professor at Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service where he is also the Director of both the Center for Security Studies and the Security Studies Program. Professor Hoffman previously held the Corporate Chair in Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency at the RAND Corporation and was also Director of RAND’s Washington, D.C., Office.
Professor Hoffman was Scholar-in-Residence for Counterterrorism at the Central Intelligence Agency between 2004 and 2006. He was also an adviser on counterterrorism to the Office of National Security Affairs, Coalition Provisional Authority, Baghdad, Iraq, during the spring of 2004 and from 2004 to 2005 was an adviser on counterinsurgency to the Strategy, Plans, and Analysis Office at Multi-National Forces-Iraq Headquarters, Baghdad. Professor Hoffman was also an adviser to the Iraq Study Group.
Dr. David Kilcullen is one of the world’s leading experts on insurgencies and counter-insurgencies. He is the founding President and CEO of Caerus Associates, a strategic design consultancy with a focus on the overlapping problems of conflict, climate change, energy, health and governance. Dr. Kilcullen also serves as an advisor to NATO and a consultant to the U.S. and allied governments, international institutions, industry and NGOs, in conflict and post-conflict environments and the developing world. Dr. Kilcullen is also an Adjunct Professor at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University. Before joining the private sector, Dr. Kilcullen had a distinguished career in the Australian and U.S. governments, including 22 years as a light infantry officer in the Australian Army, during which he served in counterinsurgency, stability operations, peace operations and military advisory roles in Southeast Asia, the Pacific and the Middle East.
After leaving the Army, Dr. Kilcullen served in Australia’s Office of National Assessments, then with the U.S. State Department. He first served as Chief Strategist in the Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism and then as Special Adviser for Counterinsurgency to the Secretary of State. He served in the Iraq War as Senior Counterinsurgency Adviser to General David Petraeus during the successful 2007 “surge” and in Afghanistan as Counterinsurgency Adviser to the NATO International Security Assistance Force between 2009–2010. He was a member of the White House review of Afghanistan-Pakistan strategy in 2008, and he has advised the highest levels of the Bush and Obama administrations.
Dr. Kilcullen’s academic background is in the political anthropology of conflict in traditional societies. His doctoral dissertation, completed in 2000, is a study of the impact of insurgency on political development, and it draws on extended residential fieldwork with guerrillas, militias and local people in remote parts of Indonesia, New Guinea and East Timor. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, regularly teaches and presents at academic institutions and industry conferences worldwide, and he is the author of numerous scholarly articles and books, including The Accidental Guerrilla (2009), Counterinsurgency (2010) and Out of the Mountains (forthcoming), all from Oxford University Press.
Gen. James N. Mattis (ret.)
General Jim Mattis, an Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution, is an expert on national security issues, especially strategy, innovation, the effective use of military force, and the Middle East. He heads a project on the gap between civil and military perspectives and is writing a book on leadership.
Before coming to Hoover, Jim was the commander of the US Central Command (CENTCOM). While commanding CENTCOM from 2010 to 2013, he was responsible for military operations involving more than 200,000 US soldiers, sailors, airmen, Coast Guardsmen, and Marines in Afghanistan, Iraq, and eighteen other countries in the Middle East and south-central Asia.
General Mattis commanded at multiple levels in his forty-two-year career as a Marine. As a lieutenant, he served as a rifle and weapons platoon commander in the Third Marine Division. As a captain, he commanded a rifle company and a weapons company in the First Marine Brigade.
As a major, he commanded Recruiting Station Portland, Oregon. As a lieutenant colonel, he commanded the First Battalion, Seventh Marines, one of Task Force Ripper's assault battalions in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. As a colonel, he commanded the Seventh Marines (Reinforced).
On becoming a brigadier general, he commanded first the First Marine Expeditionary Brigade and then Task Force 58, during Operation Enduring Freedom in southern Afghanistan. As a major general, he commanded the First Marine Division during the initial attack and subsequent stability operations in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
He also served as a recruiter, commanded the Marine Corps Combat Development Command, and was the executive secretary to Secretaries of Defense William Cohen and William Perry and the senior military assistant to Deputy Secretary of Defense Rudy De Leon.
In his first tour as a lieutenant general, Mattis commanded the Marine Corps Combat Development Command. Subsequently, he commanded the I Marine Expeditionary Force and served as the commander of US Marine Forces Central Command. From 2007 to 2009, he served as both NATO's supreme allied commander and commander of the United States Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM).
A native of the Pacific Northwest, Jim graduated from Central Washington State University in 1972. He is also a graduate of the Amphibious Warfare School, Marine Corps Command and Staff College, and the National War College.
He has been frequently satirized on the military humor site Duffelblog.com.
Andrew McGregor is director of Toronto-based Aberfoyle International Security (AIS) and senior editor of the Global Terrorism Analysis Program of the Washington DC based Jamestown Foundation. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto’s Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations in 2000 and is a former Research Associate of the Canadian Institute of International Affairs. He is the author of an archaeological history of Darfur published by Cambridge University in 2001. His latest book is A Military History of Modern Egypt, published by Praeger Security International. Dr. McGregor has written over 700 articles on international military and security issues for organizations including Jane’s Intelligence, the Royal Institute of International Affairs and the Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies. Much of his work has focused on the Somali insurgency, including the 2009 Jamestown Foundation publication, Who’s Who in the Somali Insurgency: A Reference Guide. He also provides frequent commentary on military and security issues for international newspapers, radio and television, including the New York Times, Financial Times, CNN, Fox News, al-Jazeera, the CBC and the BBC.
Bruce Riedel is a Senior Fellow in the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. He retired in 2006 after 30 years service at the Central Intelligence Agency including postings overseas. Riedel was a senior advisor on South Asia and the Middle East to four Presidents of the United States in the staff of the National Security Council at the White House. He was a negotiator at several Arab-Israeli peace summits, including at Camp David and Wye River. He was also Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Near East and South Asia at the Pentagon and a senior advisor at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Brussels. In January 2009, President Barack Obama asked Mr. Riedel to chair a review of American policy toward Afghanistan and Pakistan, the results of which the President announced in a speech on March 27, 2009. In 2011 he served as an expert advisor to the prosecution of al-Qaeda terrorist Omar Farooq Abdulmutallab in Detroit. In December 2011, Prime Minister David Cameron asked him to brief the United Kingdom’s National Security Council in London on Pakistan.
Mr. Riedel is the author of The Search for al Qaeda: Its Leadership, Ideology and Future and Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America and the Future of the Global Jihad. He is a contributor to Which Path to Persia: Options for a New American Strategy Toward Iran, The Arab Awakening and Becoming Enemies: U.S.-Iran Relations and the Iran-Iraq War, 1979–1988. He teaches at the Johns Hopkins University School for Advanced International Studies. He is a graduate of Brown (B.A.), Harvard (M.A.) and the Royal College of Defense Studies in London.
Michael W. S. Ryan
Dr. Michael W.S. Ryan is a Senior Fellow at The Jamestown Foundation and an adjunct scholar at the Middle East Institute. He is the author of the forthcoming book, Decoding al-Qaeda's Strategy: The Deep Battle Against America, to be published by Columbia University Press. The book examines al-Qaeda’s political military strategy based upon Arabic-language sources. Dr. Ryan also acts as an independent consultant and researcher on Middle Eastern security issues.
Dr. Ryan served as Senior Vice President at The Middle East Institute in Washington, D.C. (2008–2009). The White House appointed him as Vice President in The Millennium Challenge Corporation (2006–2008). Previously, Dr. Ryan held senior positions in the Departments of State, Defense, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency after joining the U.S. federal government in 1979 as a Middle East/North Africa analyst for the Department of Defense.
In 1981, Dr. Ryan earned a Ph.D. from the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University. During his graduate study, he spent three years in Egypt under Fulbright, Smithsonian, and Center for Arabic Study Abroad fellowships. He was also a fellow at The American Research Center in Egypt during this period. He received his undergraduate degree from St. John’s College in Annapolis, Maryland.
Abubakar Siddique is a senior correspondent for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL). Based in Prague, he covers the Middle East, South Asia, and Central Asia, with a particular focus on Afghanistan and Pakistan. He is also a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at Washington's The Jamestown Foundation. He has spent the past decade and a half researching and writing about terrorism, security, political and humanitarian issues in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the Pashtun heartland, the border region where he was born. His background and professional experience have given him a specialized knowledge of the politics, social life and security situation in this strategic and volatile region.
Siddique’s unique expertise is brought to bear in The Pashtun Question: The Unresolved Key to the Future of Afghanistan and Pakistan (London: Hurst and Company, 2013). The book is an illuminating examination of Pashtun history and the rise of militant groups such the Taliban, Al-Qaeda and allied extremist movements, focusing on their composition, leadership, ideologies and funding arrangements. The book investigates the risks – and opportunities – presented to the international community by the continuing instability in the region, and prescribe a course of action to prevent the situation from spiraling to further disaster.
Wladimir van Wilgenburg
Wladimir van Wilgenburg is a political analyst based in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq who specializes in Kurdish politics. He has written extensively for The Jamestown Foundation's publications and other journals such as the Near East Quarterly and the World Affairs Journal. In addition to Jamestown, he currently writes for al-Monitor and was the co-author of the Henri Jackson Society report "Unity or PYD Power Play? Syrian Kurdish Dynamics after the Erbil Agreement." Mr. Van Wilgenburg provides commentary and advice to a variety of media outlets, NGOs and think tanks.
In 2011, Mr. van Wilgenburg received a master's degree from the University of Utrecht’s Conflict Studies program, writing his thesis on Kirkuk’s Arab political spectrum, based on first-hand research in Iraq. He will graduate from the University of Exeter’s Kurdish Studies master's program in January.
Jacob Zenn is an expert on Boko Haram and consultant on countering violent extremism for U.S think-tanks and international organizations in Nigeria and Tajikistan. He is the author of "Northern Nigeria's Boko Haram: The Prize in Al-Qaeda's Africa Strategy," published by The Jamestown Foundation in 2012 and based on his fieldwork in Boko Haram's main area of operations in northern Nigeria, northern Cameroon, Chad, and southern Niger. Mr. Zenn also writes reports on Nigerian security for The Jamestown Foundation Terrorism Monitor and West Point Combating Terrorism Center and produces geospatial intelligence products for visualization for Courage Services, Inc.
In 2013, Mr. Zenn provided testimony on Islamist militancy to the U.S. Congress Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and briefed the House Armed Services Committee, Cultural Knowledge Consortium of Department of Defense, Department of State Center for Strategic Counter-terrorism Communications, Canadian Security and Intelligence Services, and Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) on Boko Haram. Mr. Zenn's forthcoming publications examine Boko Haram's threat to the United States, Algeria-Nigerian jihadist networks, women in Boko Haram operations and propaganda, and a monograph on "Violent Extremism in Nigeria: A Practical Policy Guidance For Decision Makers."
Mr. Zenn speaks Arabic, Swahili, Chinese, French and Spanish in addition to his native English. He holds a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown Law, where he earned the commendation of Global Law Scholar. His legal expertise focuses on international civil society law and best practices related to freedom of association, and he co-leads a USAID-funded law reform program in South Sudan. Since September 2013, he has also served a policy adviser to the Nigeria-American Leadership Council, which works with the Nigerian diaspora, U.S. government and think-tanks, and civic groups in Nigeria to counter radicalization and promote accountability.