Oswald Cooper (1879–1940) was one of the four leading American type designers of the first half of the twentieth century. Most know his name from the ubiquitous—and often unfairly denigrated—Cooper Black. This talk will survey all of Cooper’s typefaces, including some that were never completed; examine the close connection between them and his lettering; and look at how that lettering has inspired typefaces by others. Cooper’s work will be assessed in light of his contemporaries Frederic Goudy, W.A. Dwiggins and Morris Fuller Benton.