7th Annual Borton Mosely Distinguished Lecture on Eurasia: "A Reassessment of Sino-Russian Relations: How National Identities Trump National Interests" Schapiro Center, Davis Auditorium
Tuesday, April 9, 2013 from 5:00 PM to 6:30 PM (EDT)
Speaker: Gilbert Rozman, Musgrave Professor of Sociology, Princeton University
Moderator: Charles Armstrong, Director, Center for Korean Research, Columbia University
For fifty years since writing a junior independent paper on Sino-Soviet relations, Rozman has been following mutual images in Moscow and Beijing and their wildly fluctuating relations. This talk will provide an updated assessment, focusing on the most recent developments.
Combining comparisons of Chinese and Russian national identities and analysis of Sino-Russian relations, the talk will assess factors that have driven these two countries closer together over the past decade. Using a six-dimensional framework for the study of national identities and the role of national identity gaps in bilateral relations, Rozman will discuss the presence of a communist great power national identity syndrome and its strengthening under Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping.
Attention will likewise be paid to divisive forces, especially linked to relations with other countries in Asia. Coverage will touch on new momentum in Russo-Japanese relations, developments related to North and South Korea, and divergence over Central Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. National interests associated with views of these areas will be evaluated in relation to the power of national identity, as seen particularly in attitudes toward the United States. The talk will conclude with suggestions on how evolving Sino-Russian relations are impacting reorganization in Eurasia and the prospects for regionalism.
Gilbert Rozman Bio:
Gilbert Rozman taught at Princeton University from 1970 to 2013. He first went to Princeton for a junior year in the Critical Languages Program before returning to Carleton College for an independent study major in Chinese and Russian studies. As a Princeton graduate student, he prepared a field on Chinese, Russian, and Japanese societies. In the 1970s his writings compared premodern urban development first in China and Japan and then with a focus on Russia, and modernization first in Japan and Russia and then with a focus on China. Following a 1977-78 stay in the Soviet Union to assess Soviet studies of China, he turned his attention to the intersection of international relations and sociology. Since 1979 he has been a professor and was named the Musgrave Professor of Sociology in 1992
Rozman’s books and articles have appeared in series. In the 1980s he wrote on Soviet debates about China, Chinese debates about the Soviet Union, and finally the Japanese debate on the Gorbachev era. In the 1990s his main emphasis was on the search for regionalism, culminating in Northeast Asia’s Stunted Regionalism, a book on flawed thinking and bilateral distrust on how to achieve this goal. After starting Korean studies, Rozman edited a number of books that put Korea at the center of Northeast Asian transformation.
Charles Armstrong Bio
Professor Armstrong’s next book is Tyranny of the Weak: North Korea and the World, 1950–1990 (Cornell University Press, forthcoming 2013). He is also writing the Modern East Asia volume for the Wiley-Blackwell series Concise History of the Modern World, to be published in 2014. His next research project is concerned with trans-Pacific Cold War culture and U.S.-East Asian relations. Professor Armstrong’s recent books include The Koreas (Routledge, 2007); Puk Chosŏn Tansaeng, the Korean translation of The North Korean Revolution, 1945–1950 (Seoul: Booksea, 2006; originally Cornell University Press, 2003); Korea at the Center: Dynamics of Regionalism in Northeast Asia (M. E. Sharpe, 2006, coeditor); and Korean Society: Civil Society, Democracy, and the State (Routledge, 2002, editor; 2nd edition, 2006). Professor Armstrong teaches courses on Korean history, U.S.–East Asian relations, the Vietnam War, and approaches to international and global history. He is a frequent commentator in the U.S. and foreign mass media on contemporary Korean, East Asian, and Asian-American affairs. Professor Armstrong received his BA from Yale, MA from the London School of Economics, and PhD from the University of Chicago.
Professor Armstrong teaches courses on Korean history, U.S.–East Asian relations, the Vietnam War, and approaches to international and global history. He is a frequent commentator in the U.S. and foreign mass media on contemporary Korean, East Asian, and Asian-American affairs. Professor Armstrong received his BA from Yale, his MA from the London School of Economics, and his PhD from the University of Chicago.
He joined the Columbia faculty in 1996.
About the Lecture
Hugh Borton, 1903-1995, and Philip Mosely, l905-l972, were remarkable individuals, who compiled outstanding records of scholarship, teaching, and public service. Borton began his lifelong involvement with Japan in the late l920s,studying at Tokyo Imperial University in the 1930s and joining the Columbia faculty in 1937. From l930-l932,Philip Mosely spent two grueling years in Leningrad researching his Harvard dissertation. He joined the Columbia faculty in l940.
During WWII both served in the State Department. Philip Mosely specialized on planning for post-war Europe, also serving as an advisor at major Allied war- and postwar conferences. Borton engaged in post-war planning for Japan, playing a significant role in the preservation of the Japanese Emperor, then widely regarded as a war criminal. Borton argued that deposing him would have made governing an occupied Japan an impossible challenge.
Borton returned to Columbia in 1948 as Associate Director of the newly established East Asian Institute (now the Weatherhead East Asian Institute), serving as Director from l954-57. Under his leadership, the Institute became a major center for research and teaching. Nationally he helped found what later became the Association for Asian Studies; he was its President in 1957-58. He then became President of Haverford College, returning in 1967 to the East Asian Institute as a Senior Research Associate.
Mosely was a co-founder in 1946 of Columbia's Russian Institute (now the Harriman Institute), vigorously promoting Soviet studies and serving as Director from l951-l955. Mosely was a marvelous teacher and mentor. He contributed greatly to the national advancement of Slavic studies in the US. From l955-53 he served as Director of Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, but returned to Columbia in l963, as Director of the European Institute, and as Adlai Stevenson Professor of International Relations.
Both Borton and Mosely stood up in defense of academic freedom during the McCarthy years. By all accounts, both were wonderful human beings who greatly influenced and affected those around them. This lecture series is a fitting tribute to them.
When & Where
Weatherhead East Asian Institute and Harriman Institute
Since its establishment in 1949 as the East Asian Institute, the Institute has been the center for modern and contemporary East Asia research, studies, and publication at Columbia, covering China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Korea, Mongolia (Inner Asia), Tibet, and, increasingly, the countries of Southeast Asia. In 2003, the Institute was renamed the Weatherhead East Asian Institute to honor the generosity of the Weatherhead Foundation.
The faculty members of the Institute are members of Columbia's Schools of Business, Law, International and Public Affairs, Arts and Sciences, and Barnard College. Annually, the Institute hosts a diverse group of visiting scholars, professionals, and students from the United States and abroad.
Since its founding in 1946, the Harriman Institute, formerly the Russian Institute, has maintained its position as a leading center for the advancement of knowledge in the field of Russian and Eurasian studies through the research conducted by its faculty, students, fellows and visiting scholars and the training of scholars and professionals.
The Harriman Institute strives to facilitate the effective use of the unique resources it possesses to further the work of the diverse community of scholars in residence, students and the more than 60 faculty members who make up the Harriman Institute faculty. Taken together, the library collections of Columbia and the New York Public Library constitute the single largest concentration of Russian-language materials in the country. Moreover, the numerous resources of New York City—the U.N. missions, the many foundations and societies based in the city, the wealth of museums, special collections and archives, to name just a few—ideally complement those of Columbia University.
The Harriman Institute, through its programs, conferences, lectures, and publications, seeks to create a forum for intellectual exchange and the further enhancement of our students’ education.